Humanity and Orangutan Adoption – Clio, 2013

“Humanity in the Orangutan Adoption Accounts of Alfred Russel Wallace and William Temple Hornaday.” Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 43.1 (2013): 1-31.

“Even as they were feeding, cradling, and playing with their new babies, Wallace and Hornaday spent their days capturing, shooting, and skinning the other members of their babies’ race.

Still more fascinating, perhaps, is the extent to which the two naturalists perceived the orangutans they encountered as human even as they were engaged in hunting, measuring, and skinning them.”